A COMPARISON OF SMART CITY INDICATORS FOR THREE TOP TEN US CITIES
Abbas, Rasoul Adnan
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The world population has been increasing each year, and the immigration from rural to urban cities has increased as well. The United Nations has estimated that more than 66% of people worldwide live in urban area, and this urbanization trend will continue to increase, thereby generating challenges to the cities as they strive to provide health care, schools, and transportation. The urban population explosion has also caused problems to the environment and overall urban economy as the need for more housing, jobs, and community services require smart solutions. The term, smart city, has many definitions, but all of them agree that technology is needed to improve sustainability, workability and livability in cities. Researchers have identified six factors that need immediate attention: transportation, economy, environment, people (society), living, and governance. The main objective of this study is to identify indicators for the above six factors to compare three of the top ten U.S cities of Los Angeles, Chicago and Houston based on these smart city indicators. A comprehensive literature review was conducted, which helped identify the six factors in each city and what each city needed to do to become a smart city, Chicago was determined to have the most smart city attributes, while Los Angeles and Houston needed more improvement considering these smart city factors.