Re-experiencing Social Versus Physical Pain And Its Influence On Self-regulatory Reserve
Knack, Jennifer M.
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This study examined the influence of reliving social pain on current reports of pain, self-regulatory ability, and differences in reactions. Participants (N=137) completed personality measures in phase one. Days later, participants completed a mood measure and the Stroop. They were randomly assigned to recall a physical pain, social pain, possession loss, or Monday morning. Participants indicated current degree of pain, level of psychological needs, and current mood. Participants again completed the Stroop. The researcher then offered participants cookies, but noted there was not enough for other participants. Participants recalling social pain reported more pain and greater threatened belongingness and meaningful existence compared to other groups. The number of cookies consumed was correlated with Stroop percent error and pain reports when re-experiencing social pain. Personality traits amplified reported pain and threatened needs when re-experiencing social pain. Results indicate the influence of social relationships for self-control and individual differences in these processes.