Synthesis And Characterization Of Ferromagnetic Nanowires
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Ferromagnetic nanocrystals with shape anisotropy have drawn great attention in the past decades because of their unique magnetic properties and for their potential applications in ultra-high-density magnetic recording media, exchange-coupled nanocomposite magnets and related nanodevices. In this thesis, synthesis and characterixation of ferromagnetic CoNi and CoFe nanowires are reported. CoNi nanocrystals with different size, shape and composition were successfully synthesized via a catalyst chemical solution method. It was found out that the structure and morphology can be controlled by altering the NaOH concentration, and the elongation of the nanowires can be adjusted by changing surfactants ratio and catalyst amount. Unlike the CoNi, CoFe nanocrystals were prepared by a non-catalyst chemistry solution method. The particle size and shape are controlled by varying parameters such as solvent amount, surfactant ratio, reducing agent and heating rate. Morphological, structural, and compositional characterizations of the nanoparticles were performed by using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), high resolution TEM (HRTEM), and X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD). Magnetic properties of nanoparticles of different size were studied by Alternating Gradiant Magnetometer (AGM).