On The Near Field Mean Flow Structure Of Transverse Jets Issuing Into A Supersonic Freestream
Dickmann, Dean Anthony
MetadataShow full item record
The near field mean flow structure of transverse jets issuing from a surface into supersonic crossflow is examined using numerical methods and separation topology. The Navier-Stokes solver Falcon, developed at Lockheed Martin, was used to simulate the interaction between the jet and freestream over a flat plate and a generic missile body. The near field flow structure included a l bow shock upstream of the jet interacting with the approaching boundary layer that forms a pair of horseshoe vortices while another l- structure closer to the jet formed a second pair of horseshoe vortices. As the jet was turned downstream by the crossflow, the so-called barrel shock terminates in a Mach disk while vortices formed within the jet plume. Downstream of the jet exit, new flow structure was identified in the form of three pairs of vortices. Horn, near field and far field wake vortices were present downstream of the jet as well as a series of compression waves resulting in a gradual pressure rise downstream of the jet overexpansion. The wave formations and the vortices formed from them affected separation topology, performance parameters and amplification coefficients. The current understanding of the flow structure in the near field of a transverse jet in supersonic flow must be amended to include these newly identified vortices and compression waves.