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Developing cross language metrics for reading fluency measurement: Some issues and options
(World Bank, 2012)
Since 2005, over 70 oral reading fluency tests have been given in many languages and scripts, either as part of the Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) or as individual one-minute tests. Particularly in multilingual ...
Reading fluency measurements in EFA FTI partner countries : outcomes and improvement prospects
(World Bank, 2011)
Students in lower-income countries often acquire limited literacy in school and often drop out illiterate. For those who stay, the problem is not detected until it is too late to intervene. Oral reading fluency tests given ...
Instructional time loss in developing countries : concepts, measurement, and implications
(World Bank, 2009)
Students in developing countries are often taught for only a fraction of the intended number of school hours. Time is often wasted due to informal school closures, teacher absenteeism, delays, early departures, and poor ...