Mode Structure Of A Noiseless Phase-sensitive Image Amplifier
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Optical parametric amplifiers (OPAs) configured as phase-sensitive amplifiers (PSAs) can be used for noiseless optical image amplification, generation of non-classical states of light, and, in particular, for multimode squeezed light generation. For all these applications and for effective use of the quantum properties of the multimode PSA, we need to know its independently squeezed (or amplified) eigenmodes. First we present the quantum theory of a spatially multimode traveling-wave PSA pumped by a high-power pump beam with arbitrary spatial profile. To quantitatively identify the Green's function of the PSA, we have developed a semi-analytical coupled-mode-theory of the PSA using 2D Hermite-Gaussian mode expansions of the signal- and pump-beam spatial distributions. By using Green's functions of the classical OPA, we calculate the normallyordered quadrature correlators at its output, which provide complete quantum description of the phase-sensitive OPA and enable determination of its independently squeezed eigenmodes. We find the number of the supported eigenmodes and their shapes for a spatially broadband frequency-degenerate optical parametric amplifier with elliptical Gaussian pump. We conclude by discussing our recent extensions of the coupled-mode-theory to study higher-order pump modes, compact representation of the PSA eigenmodes (especially convenient for experiments), and effect of non-zero phase mismatch on the PSA eigenmodes. We expect that the results from our model can be used for optimum mode matching in phase-sensitive image amplification and multimode squeezing generation.